Articles
Malaria parasite transmission to mosquitos: Protein discovered as...
Scientists studying the sexual transformation of the malaria parasite have solved a long-standing mystery in parasite biology. Two research teams have independently...


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Skin cells transformed into functioning liver cells in mouse study
An important breakthrough has been made that could affect patients waiting for liver transplants. Scientists have discovered a way to transform skin cells into mature,...


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'Microbial Pompeii:' 1,000-year-old plaque preserves bacteria,...
A ‘microbial Pompeii’ has been discovered, preserved on the teeth of skeletons around 1,000 years old. The research team discovered that the ancient human oral cavity...


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Acupuncture holds promise for treating inflammatory disease, study...
Electroacupuncture may reduce inflammation that causes sepsis death, a recent study has shown. This research shows physical evidence of acupuncture's value beyond any that...


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Brain region essential for social memory identified
A small region of the hippocampus known as CA2 is essential for social memory, the ability of an animal to recognize another of the same species, a new study concludes. In...


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Is a 'buttery' molecule behind cystic fibrosis flare-ups?
A lung-damaging molecule has been discovered in higher concentrations in cystic fibrosis patients during symptom flare-ups. This molecule, which has a buttery flavor and is...


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Selenium, vitamin E supplements can increase risk of prostate...
High-dose supplementation with both the trace element selenium and vitamin E increase the risk of high-grade prostate cancer. But importantly, this risk depends upon a...


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Antibody may be detectable in blood years before MS symptoms appear
An antibody found in the blood of people with multiple sclerosis may be present long before the onset of the disease and its symptoms, according to a study. For the study,...


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Promising cervical cancer study: Combining drugs, chemo to extend life
New research has revealed that women with advanced cervical cancer live about four months longer with the combined use of bevacizumab (Avastin®) and chemotherapy compared...


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Chemical transport in plants likened to that of humans
Plant roots and certain human membrane systems resist chemical transport in much the same way, say researchers. This similarity could make it easier to assess chemical...


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Reducing HIV transmission among drug injectors lowers AIDS...
A recent study sheds light on the pathways connecting HIV epidemics in different populations, concluding that programs for people who use drugs -- like syringe exchange,...


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If you think you have Alzheimer's, you just might be right, study...
A correlation between self-reported incidence of memory loss and development of cognitive memory impairment later in life has been identified through a new study. The...


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Air force aircraft returned from Vietnam identified as postwar...
From 1971-1982 Air Force reservists, who flew in about 34 dioxin-contaminated aircraft used to spray Agent Orange and returned to the US following discontinuation of the...


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Schizophrenics at greater risk of getting diseases
People suffering from schizophrenia have an increased risk of contracting autoimmune diseases, especially if they have suffered from a severe infection, new research based...


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Team sport compensates for estrogen loss
When women enter menopause, their estrogen levels taper. This increases their risk of cardiovascular disease. New research shows that interval-based team sport can make up...


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Degradation of viral DNA in cell nucleus opening up new treatment...
Viruses such as HBV can persist by depositing their genetic information (DNA) in the cell nucleus, where the DNA is normally not degraded. This prevents antiviral drugs...


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Developmental gene influences sperm formation, fruit fly model...
The basic regulatory mechanisms of stem cell differentiation have been under investigation using the Drosophila melanogaster fruit fly as a model organism. Researchers were...


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Early warning system for epidemics: Risk map correlates...
The environment has an impact on our health. Preventing epidemics relies on activating the right counter-measures, and scientists are now trying to find out how better use...


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Significant increase in overdoses involving heroin in Kentucky,...
Emergency department overdose visits involving heroin climbed 197 percent, and heroin-related deaths climbed 207 percent in Kentucky in 2012, while benzodiazepines were...


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Immune cells regulate blood stem cells, research shows
During an infection, the blood stem cells must complete two tasks: they must first recognize that more blood cells have to be produced and, secondly, they must recognize...


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The parasite that escaped out of Africa: Tracing origins of malaria...
An international team has traced the origin of the second-worst malaria parasite of humans to Africa. The closest genetic relatives of human Plasmodium vivax were found...


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Lower cancer incidence rate in patients with central nervous system...
Epidemiological studies demonstrate that diseases of the central nervous system such as Alzheimer, Parkinson and schizophrenia protect against cancer. The most remarkable...


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Genetic screening can identify men with advanced prostate cancer
Screening men with a family history of prostate cancer for a range of gene mutations can identify those who are at high risk of aggressive forms of the disease and in need...


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Skin tumor vaccine shows promise in wild mice, rising hope for...
Papillomaviruses (linked to cervical cancer when they infect the mucosal tissue in the female reproductive tract) can also infect normal skin, where they cause warts and...


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Could PTSD involve immune cell response to stress? Study in mice...
Chronic stress that produces inflammation and anxiety in mice appears to prime their immune systems for a prolonged fight, causing the animals to have an excessive reaction...


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Premature infants benefit from adult talk, study shows
Premature babies benefit from being exposed to adult talk as early as possible, new research concludes. The goal of the study was to test the association of the amount of...


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Gene therapy a promising tool for cardiac regeneration
After a heart attack, there is often permanent damage to a portion of the heart. This happens, in part, because cardiac muscle cells are terminally differentiated and...


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Long-term daily multivitamin supplement use decreases cataract risk...
Long-term daily multivitamin supplement use may lower cataract risk in men, according to a study of nearly 15,000 male physicians. Half took a common daily multivitamin, as...


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Eleven new genes affecting blood pressure discovered
11 new DNA sequence variants in genes influencing high blood pressure and heart disease have been discovered. Identifying the new genes contributes to our growing...


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Clinical opinion published on use of maternal oxygen during labor
When a fetal heartbeat pattern becomes irregular during labor, many practitioners give oxygen to the mother. But questions remain whether this oxygen supplementation...


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Zebrafish discovery may shed light on human kidney function
Researchers say the discovery of how sodium ions pass through the gill of a zebrafish may be a clue to understanding a key function in the human kidney. In this research,...


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Bioengineered growth factors lead to better wound healing
When we are wounded, our bodies naturally begin a process of repair of the damaged tissue. This process is mediated by biological molecules called growth factors, which are...


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